Melatonin is a hormone produced by your brain when it detects darkness can help regulate the time you are drowsy in the night. In some countries, melatonin can be purchased as a dietary supplement. Melatonin supplements are available in a variety of varieties, such as tablets, liquids, patches, Gummies.
For many who have difficulties sleeping using a melatonin-based supplement prior to bed is the best choice. According to a SingleCare sleep research from 2021, 20% of respondents stated they used a herbal supplement like Melatonin to help them sleep better.
Melatonin is widely viewed as a "natural" or safer option to help with sleep because it isn't considered a drug in and of itself. However, do you know if using a melatonin supplement is safe? How can you figure out what dose is right for you? We'll take a look at this.
What is melatonin?
Melatonin keeps your night and day cycles or sleep-wake in control. It is possible to take a synthetic version of melatonin to treat sleep problems (insomnia). It helps you sleep more quickly and is less likely to wake in the middle of the night. It may also ease symptoms of jetlag. Melatonin can be used to treat sleep issues for people who are 55 or over. It is sometimes prescribed to treat problems with sleep in children and to help prevent headaches in adults.
Melatonin is a part of the body's circadian rhythm. In simple terms, the circadian rhythm acts as the body's clock internal to it. Melatonin is also a key ingredient in regulating the body's temperature, blood pressure, and levels of certain hormones.
Melatonin levels begin to rise in your body once it’s dark outside, signaling to the body to go to sleep. It is also linked to receptors within the body and helps you to relax.
Melatonin also reduces levels of dopamine, which is a hormone that aids in staying awake. It also plays a role in certain aspects of the night-day period of the eyes. Although the specific way in which Melatonin aids in falling asleep is not clear studies suggest that these processes may assist you to fall to sleep.
However, light can also influence the production of melatonin, which is one way your body is aware that it's time to rise. Since melatonin aids your body to get ready for bed, those who aren't producing enough of it late at night might have trouble sleeping.
There are a variety of factors that can lead to lower levels of melatonin in the evening. Smoking, stress, and exposure to excessive lights in the dark (including the blue-colored light) and not receiving enough sunlight throughout the day as well as shift work and aging all impact melatonin production.
If you're thinking of taking melatonin, beginning with a dose that is lower is suggested. It's crucial to consult with a medical expert before adding over-the-counter Melatonin to your treatment plan.
As an example, you can start with 1 mg 1 hour prior to going to bed. If you find that this dose isn't enough to aid in your sleep then try increasing the dosage to 5 mg. Consuming more melatonin that is likely to not aid in falling asleep faster. It is important to determine the dose that will aid you in falling asleep. It's recommended to follow the guidelines on the label of the supplement.
Other Health Benefits
Melatonin supplements can help treat specific conditions, including Jet lag and delayed wake-sleep phase disorder, sleep disorders among children, as well as anxiety prior to and following surgery.
People are affected by jet lag who travel across time zones. If you suffer from jet lag, it is possible to feel unwell generally and may experience insomnia, sleep disturbance, daytime fatigue, or impairment in functioning as well as digestive issues.
Four studies that involved more than 142 participants found that melatonin could be superior to placebo (an inactive substance) in alleviating the general effects of jet lag from eastward travel.
Two studies that comprised more than 90 participants found that melatonin could be superior to placebo in helping to reduce symptoms of jet lag following westward flight.
Delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD)
People suffering from DSWPD struggle to fall asleep at regular times and get up early in the morning. They generally have difficulty sleeping from 2-6 a.m. and prefer to be awake between 10 a.m. and 1.30 p.m. The supplements to melatonin are believed to improve sleep in those suffering from DSWPD However; it's unclear whether the benefits outweigh the risks.
Some sleep disorders in children
Children who suffer from sleep problems can negatively impact their behavior, daytime functioning, and overall quality of living. Children who suffer from certain disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are more likely to suffer from sleep disorders than others.
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine advised melatonin supplements to be administered at specific times to treat DSWPD. It was a weak one and came with the uncertainty of what benefits melatonin can bring to are greater than its potential risks.
Anxiety before and after surgery
Anxiety during and after surgery is common in eighty percent of surgical patients. Melatonin supplements have been shown to be effective in reducing anxiety prior to surgery, but it's not known whether they can help reduce anxiety following surgery.